Introduction to Polish railway infrastructure and railway signalling in Poland


Significant modernization’s to the Polish railway infrastructure started before Euro 2012 football Championship when Polish railways obtained EU funding for reconstructions railway infrastructure to improve connection between cities, where matches took places.

Main railways corridors of the Polish railway infrastructure  was included into master plan for rail transportation until 2030. This document has been prepared by Ministry of Infrastructure and includes assessment of technical problems which railways have to confront.

Main issues includes ageing all element of infrastructure because of reduction of repair after 1990 year, tracks at stations are not adapted to modern needs, not enough overpasses and underpasses. There are also issues which need to be solved from signalling point of view, such as low automation level of signalling equipment, small number of road level crossings equipped with active protection and lack of safety systems that allows passenger of trains with speed above 160 km/h.

By the way, how could we classify railway signalling equipment?

A first classification can be done by explaining the difference between two different kind of devices:

  1. Mechanical devices, which includes manual and centralized devices.
  2. Electric devices, which includes remote and computer devices.

And what about stations and track/section devices?

  1. Station devices are responsible for implementing train and maneuvering routes (switches positions, signals . Setting the routes and dependencies.  Dispatchers offices and substations technical posts are also included in station area.
  2. Section devices are responsible for implementing traffic routes between stations while ensuring trains safety on the route. Section devices are connected with station devices. Section devices includes block lines, information transmission between the track and the vehicle devices, road level crossing devices and remote control devices.

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